打卡获奖|读《经济学家》参考Day1168。

时间:2020-10-27 14:18 点击:67

原标题:打卡领奖 | 《经济学人》读译参考 Day1168

TEXT 1168

经济学人: 盛开不再,荣华落幕(1)

01

“Open” is clear, colourful and convincing, marshalling evidence from a range of eras and civilisations. The Roman Empire ceased to prosper when it ceased to be open. Christianity became the established religion, and sought to crush all others. “This new intolerance…led to vicious conflicts… between Christians and pagans, who saw their old gods being banned and their temples torn down.” Persecuted pagans joined Rome’s enemies, even welcoming barbarian invaders as liberators.

译文

《盛开》这本书清亮易懂、雄厚众彩、令人钦佩,作者探寻了一系列时代和雅致,并从中搜集证据。罗马帝国停留盛开的同时,荣华也就落幕了。基督教成为了罗马帝国国教,并试图破碎一切的其他宗教。“云云新的对异己的无法容忍引发了基督教和异教徒之间的凶性冲突,异教徒们望着本身信念的旧神被明令不准,现在击着庙宇被拆毁。”受到蹧蹋的异教徒们添入了罗马的敌方阵营,他们甚至迎接强横的侵犯者来自如罗马。

02

Human history, in Mr Norberg’s telling, is a cacophony of drawbridges being lowered and then raised. Mathematics and medicine flourished under the cosmopolitan Abbasid caliphate, but froze when religious conservatives won control. By driving out Jews, Muslims and heretics, he argues, the Inquisition helped impoverish Spain (between 1500 and 1750 the Spanish economy actually shrank).

译文

在诺伯格望来,吊桥先降后升,社会由盛开到闭塞,人类历史就是大杂烩。在阿巴斯哈里发帝国世界性的统属下,数学和医学繁盛发展,当宗教保守主义者掌权时,数学和医学发展凝滞不前。诺伯格认为,宗教裁判所遣散犹太人、穆斯林和异教徒,致使西班牙陷入疲劳(实际上,1500年至1750年间,西班牙经济萎缩)。

03

China’s Song dynasty, which welcomed Muslim traders, Indian monks and Persians, developed paper money,water-powered textile machines and the makings of an industrial revolution 400 years before the West. But later dynasties turned inward and stagnated. Ming officials smashed clever machines, banned overseas trade on pain of death and curbed movement within China itself. The Manchus were even worse: to prevent contact with the outside world, in 1661 they forced the whole population of the southern coast to move 30km inland. A century later the Qianlong emperor banned or burned any books that seemed sympathetic to previous dynasties, including a great encyclopedia of economic and technical matters.

译文

中国在宋朝时期迎接穆斯林商人、印度僧侣和波斯人,还早于西方国家400年就发展了纸币、水力纺织机和工业革命。但是宋朝以后的时代逐渐变得闭塞,凝滞不前。明代官员捣毁奥妙的机器、不准海表贸易且违者处物化,还控制了中国国内的人口起伏。满族的情况甚至更糟。1661年,满族当局强制南部沿海的通盘人口向内地迁移30公里,以遏制与表国的接触。一个世纪后,乾隆皇帝查封或销毁了大量有声援前朝倾向的书籍。包括一本记录经济和技术题目的大百科全书。

注解

1.tear down 拆除

The city will tear down the building and create a park.

该市将拆失踪这幢大楼,在这边建个公园。

2.on pain of 违者以……论处

They were forbidden to leave, on pain of death.

他们被不准脱离,违则处物化。


当前网址:http://www.lsq7ljb.tw/wanzhengbanbaifushaojiepojieban/211087.html
tag:异教徒,盛开,中国,人口,违者,译文,凝滞,1168,不准,

发表评论 (67人查看0条评论)
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
昵称: 验证码:点击我更换图片
最新评论

Powered by 完整版白妇少洁 @2014